Russia and Ukraine in 2019: More conflict ahead?

In Russia, the new year will kick off with price increases — the value-added tax (VAT) will jump from 18 to 20 percent. Among other things, the government hopes that this will at least partially compensate for cuts made to the health and education systems. Authorities deemed these cuts necessary due to the fall of…

Time for peace in Turkey’s Kurdish conflict

Twenty years ago today, Turkey announced Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan had been captured in Kenya and brought back to Turkey. The Kurdistan Workers’ Party (PKK), the organisation he led, had been fighting the Turkish government for 15 years, seeking national liberation for Turkey’s Kurdish minority. When the PKK was established, it was illegal in Turkey…

A solitary peacekeeping mission on the edge of Europe

For nearly a decade, peacekeepers backed by the European Union have kept watch over a shaky peace at the far corner of Europe – along the contested boundary left after the Georgian-Russian war. The patrol is the EU’s only peace mission of its kind. It also remains the only dispassionate witness and deterrent to flare-ups…

Book Review: Orientalism

Orientalism & Cultural Imperialism;Edward Said’s Viewpoint By Hamed Kazemzadeh (Hkaze065@uottawa.ca)Conflict Studies ProgramSaint Paul University – University of OttawaBook Review: Said, Edward. 1979. Orientalism. New York: Vintage Books.ECS 5101: Identity – Based Conflict (Fall Semester 2018)Supervisor: Professor Enkelejda Sula Raxhimi (esraxhimi@ustpaul.ca) Published in Internal Journal of ACPCS – Winter 2019 (N.8); pp. 24-26 A. IntroductionOrientalism is…

Women in the North Caucasus Conflicts: An Under-reported Plight

Women in the Russian republic of Chechnya have never been under such pressure as they are today. Yet not much has been written about their role, their place in society, and their rights in Chechnya and in other North Caucasus conflicts. For more than two decades since 1994, the armed conflict between Russian federal forces…

Strengthening community-level peacebuilding in Rwanda

The genocide in Rwanda destroyed the social fabric in the country. The past 21 years have been marked by efforts to rebuild it. Jean De Dieu Basabose, Peace Direct’s local correspondent for Rwanda, examines one such attempt. Post-genocide Rwanda has been marked by efforts to rebuild the social fabric which was destroyed during the terrible…

Reaching a Durable Peace in the Nagorno-Karabakh Conflict

The 2018 “Velvet Revolution” in Armenia raised hopes for a long-lasting peace in the ongoing Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, but sticking points remain. Ruben Elamiryan That the revolution radically changed Armenia’s power structure and the whole of the ruling elite  provoked multilayer expectations and hopes among those who had considered further compromise on the status quo of…

Peace Process in Tajikistan

Power-Sharing and the Unravelling of the post-Civil War Status Quo By Hamed Kazemzadeh Published in Internal Journal Parts of Central Asia – a region where authoritarian rule has been the norm since the end of the Soviet Union – are liberalising, albeit modestly. In Uzbekistan, this has been the case since the passing of President…

What is Peace and Conflict Studies

Each one has to find his peace from within. And peace to be real must be unaffected by outside circumstances — Mahatma Gandhi. Peace and conflict studies is a social science field that identifies and analyzes violent and nonviolent behaviors as well as the structural mechanisms attending conflicts (including social conflicts), with a view towards…